Large Municipal Waste to Electricity, Heat and Water Solutions.
We use the best waste to energy technology available to transform municipal solid waste (MSW) into electricity, heat and distilled water.
The waste get processed in a material recovery facility (MRF) where al the inert materials are removed like metals, glass and buidling rubble, cement, bricks and stones.
The material that is left mostly consist of plastics, organic material, paper and any other carbon based matter that have an energy value.
This is called refuse derived fuel (RDF) and it is shredded, baled, wrapped and stored as feedstock for the waste to energy plant.
We use a process called steam reforming which is a proven ,100 year old technology but only recently being applied for waste to energy conversion. The plant produce electricity through hydrogen fuel cells, fertiliser and distilled water.
We are on par with international green trends in effective MSW to energy conversion where MSW is sorted in a MRF (Material Recovery Facility).
In first world countries like Europe mostly automatic MFR's are applied, but in developing countries a manual MRF can help with proverty alleviation such as job creation and community upliftment. Most recyclables and other unwanted materials like building rubble are recovered from the MRF and the waste that is left behind is what is usually being landfilled. We advocate to municipalities, business and countries to not landfill their waste but to at least sort, bale and wrap the waste in inert bales can later be used. These bales are inert and do not leach, rot or decompose and can be stockpiled for years.
This method of waste management and waste to energy conversion is the only sustainable eco friendly solution out in the market today and should be adapted by each and every city on the planet.
There is no reason for anything to be landfilled. The tough and very hazardous waste types can be eliminated with plasma gasification making landfilling of waste obsolete and a waste management method of the past.
Recor can supply a full turn key waste to energy plant together with a material recovery facility which can be either automatic or manually operated depending on client preferences. We currently have projects in over 24 countries all over the globe so we can provide solutions anywhere.
Steam reforming is a method for producing hydrogen, carbon monoxide, or other useful products from hydrocarbon fuels such as natural gas. This is achieved in a processing device called a reformer which reacts steam at high temperature with the fossil fuel. The steam methane reformer is widely used in industry to make hydrogen. There is also interest in the development of much smaller units based on similar technology to produce hydrogen as a feedstock for fuel cells. Small-scale steam reforming units to supply fuel cells are currently the subject of research and development, typically involving the reforming of methanol, but other fuels are also being considered such as propane, gasoline, autogas, diesel fuel, and ethanol.
Pyrolysis is a thermochemical decomposition of organic material at elevated temperatures in the absence of oxygen (or any halogen). It involves the simultaneous change of chemical composition and physical phase, and is irreversible. The word is coined from the Greek-derived elements pyro "fire" and lysis "separating".
Pyrolysis is a type of thermolysis, and is most commonly observed in organic materials exposed to high temperatures. It is one of the processes involved in charring wood, starting at 200–300 °C (390–570 °F). It also occurs in fires where solid fuels are burning or when vegetation comes into contact with lava in volcanic eruptions. In general, pyrolysis of organic substances produces gas and liquid products and leaves a solid residue richer in carbon content, char. Extreme pyrolysis, which leaves mostly carbon as the residue, is called carbonization.
The process is used heavily in the chemical industry, for example, to produce charcoal, activated carbon, methanol, and other chemicals from wood, to convert ethylene dichloride into vinyl chloride to make PVC, to produce coke from coal, to convert biomass into syngas and biochar, to turn waste into safely disposable substances, and for transforming medium-weight hydrocarbons from oil into lighter ones like gasoline. These specialized uses of pyrolysis may be called various names, such as dry distillation, destructive distillation, or cracking. Pyrolysis is also used in the creation of nanoparticles, zirconia and oxides utilizing an ultrasonic nozzle in a process called ultrasonic spray pyrolysis (USP).
Pyrolysis also plays an important role in several cooking procedures, such as baking, frying, grilling, and caramelizing. Besides, it is a tool of chemical analysis, for example, in mass spectrometry and in carbon-14 dating. Indeed, many important chemical substances, such as phosphorus and sulfuric acid, were first obtained by this process. Pyrolysis has been assumed to take place during catagenesis, the conversion of buried organic matter to fossil fuels. It is also the basis of pyrography. In their embalming process, the ancient Egyptians used a mixture of substances, including methanol, which they obtained from the pyrolysis of wood.
Pyrolysis differs from other high-temperature processes like combustion and hydrolysis in that it usually does not involve reactions with oxygen, water, or any other reagents. In practice, it is not possible to achieve a completely oxygen-free atmosphere. Because some oxygen is present in any pyrolysis system, a small amount of oxidation occurs. The term has also been applied to the decomposition of organic material in the presence of superheated water or steam (hydrous pyrolysis), for example, in the steam cracking of oil.
Gasification is a process that converts organic or fossil fuel based carbonaceous materials into carbon monoxide, hydrogen and carbon dioxide. This is achieved by reacting the material at high temperatures (>700 °C), without combustion, with a controlled amount of oxygen and/or steam.
The resulting gas mixture is called syngas (from synthesis gas or synthetic gas) or producer gas and is itself a fuel. The power derived from gasification and combustion of the resultant gas is considered to be a source of renewable energy if the gasified compounds were obtained from biomass.
The advantage of gasification is that using the syngas is potentially more efficient than direct combustion of the original fuel because it can be combusted at higher temperatures or even in fuel cells, so that the thermodynamic upper limit to the efficiency defined by Carnot's rule is higher or not applicable. Syngas may be burned directly in gas engines, used to produce methanol and hydrogen, or converted via the Fischer–Tropsch process into synthetic fuel.
Gasification can also begin with material which would otherwise have been disposed of such as biodegradable waste. In addition, the high-temperature process refines out corrosive ash elements such as chloride and potassium, allowing clean gas production from otherwise problematic fuels. Gasification of fossil fuels is currently widely used on industrial scales to generate electricity.